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PENGUATAN DEWAN PERWAKILAN DAERAH (DPD) MENUJU FORMAT PARLEMEN YANG IDEAL

Sahruddin
 
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Although the nation has officially adopted a bicameral parliamentary system, the authority of the Regional Representatives Council (DPD) is less powerful than that of the House of Representatives (DPR). DPD just plays a peripheral role in terms of legislation. DPD just has the right to submit bills to the House, especially those bills related to regional autonomy, relations between the central and regional administrations, establishment of new administrations, natural resource management, and the fiscal balance. DPD may also submit inputs to DPR regarding the state budget and bills on taxation, education and religion. All inputs should be submitted to DPR before it starts deliberations with government officials. Under such a hierarchical scheme, DPD's power and authority less than those of DPR. Indonesian bicameral system must be revised in the future in order to make the lower and upper house al least has a same power. A joint session between DPR and DPD would create the MPR which, under the new system, is no longer a permanent body. The bicameral system, as legislators call it, gives an unequal share of power to DPD and DPR, with DPR claiming a greater role than DPD and in the future DPD and DPR must have equal power. The current system is called the new "soft bicameral system ", which is common in unitary states. While many federalist states adopt the pure bicameral system, unitary states generally take to a soft bicameral system. Strengthening DPD to become equal which the first can be done by amending the constitution which is more possible after the election season.

Keywords: Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, Bicameral System, Amandemen konstitusi
 
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